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Things that should be avoided as well as errors when Hijamah / Bekam


Actually, in general hijamah is safe and easy to do by anyone as long as the penghijamah have to equip themselves with the basic knowledge about abstinence hijamah and mistakes are often made especially for beginners penghijamah.


Here is a condition that must be avoided to do hijamah:
  • Avoid menghijamah patients who physically very weak, is experiencing severe fatigue and who had blood pressure <80mmHg. This can cause a patient's risk of shock / fainting.Similarly, you should avoid to menghijamah patients already decrepit and weak physical as well as children whose bodies are weak / under 3 years old.
  • Avoid menghijamah pregnant women in the first 3 months of pregnancy (first trimester).  Do not menghijamah women who are menstruation and post-partum women because in these conditions was a lot of blood  naturally  so feared would weaken his physical condition. Do not do hijamah just above the abdomen of pregnant women.
  • Not recommended menghijamah patients in the stomach satiety, thirst, hunger, fatigue, after the move, the body is weak and the body of a fever (chills).
  • Do not do hijamah immediately after a large meal (hijamah to do at least two hours after eating).  After hijamah also do not start eating, but only drink sweet such as honey or otherwise.
  • Do not do hijamah immediately after bathing, especially after a shower with cold water. Not recommended immediately shower after hijamah, but after 2 hours. Recommended bathing with warm water.
  • Avoid doing hijamah wet in patients with leukemia (blood cancer), hepatitis with severe, active tuberculosis, HIV / ODA, hemophilia, malignant anemia, thrombocytopenia, patients with abnormal heart valve / who uses a pacemaker  and other diseases that seriously except by experts hijamah that experienced and with a doctor's supervision.

  • Hijamah wet is not advised in people with diabetes when blood sugar levels (GDS) above 250mg / dL  except by penghijamah skilled and experienced.
  • Do not wet menghijamah give patients new blood donors or people who are just accidents so that the blood is reduced.
  • Avoid menghijamah patients suffering from skin diseases prevalent or severe skin allergies such as  ulcerations  (sores scab wet / pus) and edema.

  • Avoid menghijamah patients who are taking blood-thinning medications (such as heparin).  Hijamah can be done after the patient has stopped 48 sebelummnya advance these drugs.

  • Do menghijamah directly on the injured area, tendons torn joints, fractures, tumors and varicose veins.  Hijamah in case of varicose veins do several centimeters around the damaged blood vessels.
  • Do not be too hard memberkam abdominal area.  The abdomen is very weak due to the muscle layer is very thin.
  • Avoid doing hijamah body parts below:  Hole natural body (eyes, nose, ears, mouth, genitals, anus and nipples), the system area lymph node / nodes (under the armpits, groin, neck side, etc.), right above the large blood vessels.
Some of the points above is actually still be done by an expert hijamah professional, experienced as well as for the supervision of a competent doctor.


Errors in hijamah could be due to lack of knowledge about the physiological anatomy of the body, limited knowledge about the disease and how to work and mechanisms hijamah.Hijamah itself is one of the main medical action (minor surgery), therefore it must forward the process hijamah medical standardization.  Examples of errors hijamah among others:
1.     Preparation of patients is lacking.  Before hijamah a penghijamah should check the general condition and the patient's illness. Examination of blood pressure (tension) is an examination of the minimum that must be done. Errors at this point could harm the patient, especially if the conditions are being dropped.
Ignoring the problem history of illnesses suffered by patients such as those with diabetes, hepatitis, AIDS, etc., can lead to the risk of contracting the disease in patients and penghijamah.
2.     Perform hijamah in an open area outside the room or too cold. It is feared that the cut hijamah be  exposed to dust / dirt flying. It is also not advisable to do hijamah in a place with good air circulation is deficient / stuffy. Do not turn on the fan / blower just above patients who are dihijamah.

3.     Ignore sterility.  Many rely solely penghijamah letterhead sterilization processes and tools hijamah on detergent, bleach, boiling water or alcohol. He does not have a standard tool sterilizer led to the high risk of infection with bacteria during hijamah.

4.     Equipment perfunctory.  In practice hijamah, many of the experts hijamah only modest use tools without regard to hygiene factors and environmental instruments, sterilization and higenisnya,  such as the use wipes to clean the blood, especially for toilet tissue rolls.  The result appears response hijamah adversely applied in general. Every ill patients with a history of hepatitis, drugs, and HIV-AIDS (ODA) should have its own equipment bruise separated by other patients.

5.     Using a razor blade or a needle.  Both of these tools are not entirely standard medical devices designed to perform medical actions hijamah. The resulting injuries are potentially infectious and contaminated materials contained on the surface of the metal blade and needle.

6.     Error in determining hijamah point.   In addition to ineffective, limited knowledge of the exact location of the point hijamah which will affect the results significantly hijamah. Some penghijamah beginners often just do hijamah hijamah limited to the point that's it, whereas the point hijamah has evolved.
7.     Myth "the more points the faster hijamah cured".  Too many points during hijamah hijamah not mean making more effective but the truth is selecting the right point is key to the achievement of objectives hijamah.

8.     Too long menghijamah at one point.  Suction cupping exceeding 20 minutes can cause side effects the release of  the bull  (bag of clear liquid such as smallpox). This can lead to complaints pain and risk of infection.
9.     Make an incision wounds are too deep.  This will not only slow healing wounds also raises the risk of the large blood vessels that can arise bleeding.

10.  It should be fasting before hijamah.  In certain patients where the condition of his being dropped then fasting could harm the patient. Should eat 2 hours before hijamah, within the expected time food digestion process is largely complete, and could reduce the risk of "blacked out" due hijamah.
Thus the discussion hijamah material for this edition may be useful, Hopefully will continue in the next edition. If there is a problem that is not yet clear and will ask then you can contact the editors. Baarokallaahu fiikum.

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